To this task, Nightingale brought her skills as a nurse. Little by little, yet very rapidly if we consider the enormous amount of work to be done, it became a model institution of its kind. I was hoping to show a new feature in SAP Lumira version 1-16 to animate the data over time which dramatically displays the swing in the number of deaths between 1854 – 55. Nightingale believed that, by keeping patients well-fed, warm, comfortable, and above all clean, nursing could solve many problems that 19th century medicine could not. Medicines were in short supply, hygiene was being neglected, and mass infections were common, many of them fatal. Legacy.com is the leading provider of online obituaries for the newspaper industry. The areas of the blue, red, & black wedges are each measured from the centre as the common vertex. In the case of this visualisation I understand that it was developed with the specific aim of driving the important military hospital reforms through government to change lives The first edition of the Dictionary of National Biography (1911) asserted that Nightingale reduced the death rate from 42% to 2% either by making improvements in hygiene herself or by calling for the Sanitary Commission (Source Wikipedia), The dataset for this diagram is publically available and is less that 100 data points. Nightingale arrived early in November and her team found that poor care for wounded soldiers was being delivered by overworked medical staff in the face of official indifference. An image may be so visually interesting, so iconic, that we assume its conclusions without examining its data. The rate of mortality from all causes was indeed frightful. Janie Badinger, of the coroner's office, said there was no indication that the microscopic examination of the heart abnormality would affect the finding of death by natural causes. But, again in today’s world we want to empower many people to Access, Analyse and Share data of all kinds. She came to prominence while serving as a nurse during the Crimean War, where she tended to wounded soldiers. By February, 1910, she could no longer speak.

Hundreds of men perished through merely breathing the air of the place. Wally Nightingale was a prime mover in the formation of the Sex Pistols. (Source Wikipedia) I have often said any data visualisation must have a “mission statement”, a reason to live and a story to give. Recently I visited an exhibition at the British Library titled “Beautiful Science: Picturing Data, Inspiring Insight”. From 1896 until she died, she did not leave her bedroom. Two members of her family were present when Miss Nightingale passed away. The cause of death was heart failure. On Christmas Eve, 1861, she took seriously ill again and was bedridden for six years. Without her, or at any rate without some such labour as that which she undertook, our generals would soon have been left without a single man. Yet, nearly one hundred years later, mystery still surrounds the death of Nurse Shore. This exhibition “explored how our understanding of ourselves and our planet has evolved alongside our ability to represent, graph and map the mass data of the time”. The terms “unknown” or “approximately” may be used. Though she was to live another 53 years, on Dec. 11, 1857, she was so sick that she gave directions for her funeral. Constantly working to the point of exhaustion, she collapsed in August, 1857.

The cause of death was heart failure. Two members of her family were present when Miss Nightingale passed away. It was often difficult to reach one wounded man without walking over the body of his comrade. General terms, such as minutes, hours, or days, are acceptable, if necessary. One exhibit stood out for me: The causes of mortality in the army in the east by Florence Nightingale. Wally died three years later, in 1996. There was not room for so much as half the number. Treatment of soldiers in Scutari provided an opportunity to validate this theory on an unprecedented scale. « Famous People's Cause of Death Charles Dickens, Famous People's Cause of Death Leo Tolstoy ». We greatly regret to announce that Miss Florence Nightingale, memorable for her work as organiser and inspirer of the Crimean War nursing service, died at her home in London somewhat unexpectedly on Saturday afternoon. In point of fact, the task before Florence Nightingale was nothing less than to save the British army. Pontiff, 21, a third baseman who was heading into his senior year at LSU, had been picked in the 21st round of this year's draft by the Oakland Athletics. (Source Wikipedia).

If you study this visualisation long enough you will hopefully see that over a 2 year period that the number of deaths from preventable deaths grew to a peak in January 1855, but then reduced dramatically over the following 15 months. She was enabled by the liberality of the public at home to provide large quantities of stores and necessaries, the cost of which was in part repaid by Government, and the distribution of these and of the immense accumulation of gifts in kind from Great Britain was a heavy part of her work. •For each cause indicate the best estimate of the interval between the presumed onset and the date of death.

Florence Nightingale, (1820 – 1910) was a celebrated English social reformer and statistician, and the founder of modern nursing. Florence Shore, a nurse and god-daughter to that most famous nurse, Florence Nightingale, was found brutally beaten on a Sussex bound train at Bexhill. Her mind remained sharp and vigorous, but by 1889 she was too blind to read a newspaper. Her eyes failed completely in 1901, and her memory in 1906. Additionally I feel that creating statistical diagrams in that period of time was only possible by a small number of academics and trained individuals. The Economist suggests how to interpret the diagram: As with today’s pie charts, the area of each wedge is proportional to the figure it stands for, but it is the radius of each slice (the distance from the common centre to the outer edge) rather than the angle that is altered to achieve this. When the fever finally broke, she was emaciated and had lost all of her hair, but she refused to leave until the British were evacuated from Turkey in July, 1856. She was known as “The Lady with the Lamp” after her habit of making rounds at night. On 21 October 1854, Florence Nightingale and the staff of 38 women volunteer nurses that she trained were sent to the Ottoman Empire. Put simply we have three data series plotting deaths by a custom grouping of cause over time. "The death of Florence Nightingale Shore could have been straight from the pages of an Agatha Christie mystery. Her exertions were not confined to the hospital in which she had taken up her quarters, but that one had, of course, a larger share of the advantage of her personal superintendence. Legacy.com enhances online obituaries with Guest Books, funeral home information, and florist links.

They were deployed in the Crimea, where the main British camp was based. I have definitely been guilty of looking at this visualisation as a piece of art but not listening to the story the data was trying to tell. If it had continued as it stood in the month of February, 1855, over four times the entire hospital population of that period would have perished in the one year. While the 8,000 British were lying at Scutari, about half the number lay prostrate at Balaclava in much the same condition of helpless misery. There was no equipment to process food for the patients. In 1855 she came down with a fever and hovered on the brink of death for over two weeks. So using SAP Lumira I have given below a few different ways of visualising the data that should make it easier for to gain the intended insight. Cause of Death: Old age Physician's Notes: Known figuratively as "the Lady with the Lamp" and historically as the mother of modern nursing, she contracted almost every illness the Crimean War had to offer, including Crimean fever, dysentery, and rheumatism. The interview is reprinted here exactly as it appeared in RCD issue 14. Since Caroline’s life had been threatened and no-one had seen the Duchess for some time surely the police should have been informed. Celebrities, actors, musicians, artists, politicians and famous people who died in 1996.By clicking on each name from the below list, you can find their biography, birthday, age at death, date of death, location of death and even cause of their death. I have looked at this visualisation numerous times in the past but it struck me that Nightingale’s diagram represents the opposite risk to that you see normally. In today’s world there is a desire for the story a data visualisation is telling to jump out of the page and hit the reader right between the eyes. Rats invaded the wards, and ran with impunity among the living and the dead. In 1993, Rock Compact Disc Magazine (RCD), contained a very rare interview with Wally Nightingale, an almost mythical figure from the Pistols formative years. Unfortunately, SAP Lumira version 1-16 is not GA at the point of sharing this blog but I intend to update this appropriately in the future. The result was Renkioi Hospital, a civilian facility which had a death rate less than 1/10th that of Scutari. I found deciphering the visualisation to understand the story honestly quite difficult. This signaled the end of her physically active life. The cleansing and adaptation of the hospital, the establishment of a laundry and of sick-diet kitchens, the supply of food and all kinds of necessaries, and the organisation of a regular system of nursing and a staff of nurses, for many had to be dismissed as incompetent - all this was planned and carried through under the terrible pressure of a constant race with death. The blue wedges measured from the centre of the circle represent area for area the deaths from Preventable or Mitigable Zymotic diseases, the red wedges measured from the centre the deaths from wounds, & the black wedges measured from the centre the deaths from all other causes.

Her efforts were proportioned to the greatness of the occasion.

Around noon on Aug. 13, 1910, she fell asleep and never awoke.



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