In 1961 he was named Alumnus of the Year by the University of California, Berkeley. Other factors were the increasing intensity of the anti-war movement in the U.S., the approaching presidential campaign in which Johnson was expected to seek re-election, and McNamara's support—over the objections of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, of construction along the 17th parallel separating South and North Vietnam of a line of fortifications running from the coast of Vietnam into Laos. When Kennedy received confirmation of the placement of offensive soviet missiles in Cuba, he immediately set up 'Executive Committee', referred to as 'ExComm'.

FAMpeople is your site which contains biographies of famous people of the past and present. [110] Although he was a prime architect of the Vietnam War and repeatedly overruled the JCS on strategic matters, McNamara gradually became skeptical about whether the war could be won by deploying more troops to South Vietnam and intensifying the bombing of North Vietnam, a claim he would publish in a book years later. The end effect was to remove the Intelligence function from the control of the military and to put it under the control of the Secretary of Defense. It was her second marriage.

Planning, Programming and Budgeting System, Annual Meeting of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group, The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, A Simple Desultory Philippic (or How I Was Robert McNamara'd into Submission), List of California Institute of Technology trustees, List of Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients, List of United States political appointments that crossed party lines, In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam, "Robert S. McNamara - John F. Kennedy / Lyndon Johnson Administration", "Robert S. McNamara dies at 93; architect of the Vietnam War", "Robert S. McNamara, Architect of a Futile War, Dies at 93", Vietnam-era U.S. Secretary of Defence Robert McNamara dead: report, Former US defense secretary McNamara dies, "In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam (interview)", "Robert McNamara (California at Berkeley 1937) Passes Ad Astra", "Robert S. McNamara > Historical Office > Article View", "The Quest for Commonality: A Comparison of the TFX and JSF Programs", "Robert S. McNamara and the Real Tonkin Gulf Deception", This day in history-Tonkin Gulf resolution is passed, "The Secretary of the Army's Senior Review Panel on Sexual Harassment", "Robert S. McNamara, Architect of a Futile War, Dies at 93 - Obituary (Obit) - NYTimes.com", "How did we forget about mutually assured destruction? [16] McNamara's confidence and self-assurance impressed Kennedy. [141] Johnson saw the hearings as proof that it was time to dismiss McNamara, whom he believed was "cracking up" under the strain of the war, as reflected in the Defense Secretary's criticism of the Rolling Thunder bombings. However, he never believed it was wise for the United States to move in that direction because of psychological risks of relying too much on nuclear weaponry and that there would be pressure from many directions to build a larger system than would be militarily effective. [55] When the subject of supporting a coup against Diệm was first raised by Kennedy at a National Security Council meeting in August 1963, McNamara spoke in favor of retaining Diệm. In January 1965, McNamara together with the National Security Adviser McGeorge Bundy co-wrote a memo to President Johnson stating "both of us are now pretty well convinced that our present policy can lead only to disastrous defeat" as it was hopeless to expect the unstable and corrupt South Vietnamese government to defeat the VC who were steadily "gaining in the countryside". Senator Robert F. Kennedy had emerged as a leading critic of the war by 1967, and Johnson stated to Kearns his belief that McNamara had suffered a nervous breakdown, of which Kennedy, a close friend of McNamara, had taken advantage of.

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